Latest Electrical Projects in 2020 | DIY Guide

electrical projects

electrical projects for final year engineering students

Electrical Projects

Electrical projects ideas for engineering and diploma students are listed below. We InnovatorsGuru developing on electrical engineering projects from the last 5 years. While working in this field we deliver 1000+ hardware projects and 200+ software electrical projects to engineering students.

Delivering readymade electrical projects is not fun for students as well as me. therefore we always provide do it yourself projects to our students. In this method students enjoy their project works, they understand each and every concept clearly. Therefore we decided to make DIY projects guide for the most innovative and latest projects on electrical engineering which helps all my users.

Here in this article, we are listing the best 20 electrical engineering projects with their abstract and block diagram [voice explanation will be available, put your request in comment section] and for the 2020-2021 academic year. We sorted these projects from IEEE, Science direct and most reputed international research journals. Some projects listed here are not based on recent research papers but selected in this list because of its concepts. This concepts based projects are provided hear as it covers an important part of your main projects and helps you to complete your final year projects.

In this list we tried to cover core electrical projects on following fields

  • Power Electronics Projects
  • Power System based Projects
  • Electricity Generation based projects
  • Home Automation and IoT based projects
  • Machine Design projects
  • Smart Grid based Projects
  • Control System based Projects

List of latest 20 Electrical Project ideas for Final Year Electrical Students in 2020

      1. IoT based transformer health monitoring system
      2. Series Transformer-Based Solid State Fault Current Limiter
      3. Design and implementation of smart energy meter
      4. Solar power vaccine storage refrigerator
      5. Solar air purifier using high voltage generator
      6. Power Factor improvement with CSTL(capacitive switching transient limiter)
      7. Buck Boost converter design using Arduino
      8. Design of Linear AutoTransformer
      9. SHEPWM (Selective Harmonic Elimination)
      10. Pure Sine Wave Inverter using Arduino
      11. VAR Compensation using Thyristor Switched Capacitor
      12. Solid-State On Load Tap-Changer
      13. Harmonic and Neutral to Ground Voltage Reduction Using Isolation Transformer
      14. Design Real Time Battery Monitoring System
      15. GPS based high efficient Dual axis solar tracker
      16. Flux-based inturnturn Fault Protection for Power Transformers
      17. A smart framework for power distribution and load balancing using Arduino
      18. Automatic Optimization and Control of Power Factor, Reactive Power and Reduction of THD for Linear and Nonlinear Load
      19. Arduino-Based Protection System to Overcome Voltage Fluctuations
      20. ArduinoTransmission line fault analysis and classification

1. IoT based transformer health monitoring system

Project Concept and Discussion

The main objective of this electrical project ideas is to monitor distribution transformer health and send data to the IoT dashboard. Transformer Health parameters to be monitored in these projects are as follows

  • Oil Level
  • Oil Quality
  • Temperature
  • Voltage level
  • Current level
  • Vibration Noise level

All the above parameter are monitored in real-time and showed on LCD display as well as the same data is send to IOT dashboard through GPRS module. In case of over temperature, we start the fan in first stage, if temperature is still not in control then we disconnect the transformer form main supply. In case of low oil level, over voltage and over current we disconnect the main supply to protect transformer.

IoT Based Transformer Monitoring System PPT Code Report block diagram

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

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2. Series Transformer-Based Solid State Fault Current Limiter

Project Objective and Discussion

The main aim of this power system based project is to limit the fault current and protect the grid elements from unwanted faults.

The proposed fault current limiter is capable of controlling the magnitude of fault current. The primary winding of an isolating transformer is connected to the line in series to regulate the fault current, and the secondary side is connected to a reactor, parallel to a solid-state bypass switch made of triac. By switching the triac, the fault current is reduced. Also, by this fault current limiter project, switching overvoltage is reduced significantly.

The proposed TBSSFCL can improve the power quality and due to its simple design, the cost of the project is comparatively low.

Series Transformer-Based Solid State Fault Current Limiter

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

3. Design and implementation of Smart Energy Meter

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

4. Solar Powered Vaccine Storage Refrigerator

Project Objective and Discussion

In many developing nations electricity is not available in remote places from the grid. This is a challenge which risks the sustainability of the cold chain of vaccines storage. The only choices available for several years to electrically powered refrigerators are kerosene and gas-driven refrigerators. they are also plagued by outages in gas supply, lower efficiency, poor temperature control and need regular servicing.

In stage 2 Traditional battery powered refrigerators are comes but they are worked on comparatively expensive battery, which have observed short life.

To overcome all this problems we are going to design this solar based electrical project which saves life of poor community in remotely located community.

Solar Power Vaccine Storage Refrigerator using arduino electrical projects

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

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5. Solar Air Purifier Using High Voltage Generator [smoke filter]

Project Objective and Discussion

This is one of the best electrical project ideas in 2020 to work in your final year of engineering. The main aim of this project is to detect smoke levels and filter out Smoke. This air purifier is specifically designed to remove smoke particles, fireplace soot, and other associated fumes that cause unpleasant odors in your environment.

Main features

  • Solar-powered with battery backup
  • Remove Smoke and dust particles
  • Smart sensing and autostart
  • the eco-friendly and economical method

Smoke gets separated from the air so we can live in a better air quality index. The fans and high voltage generators in the system
are works on solar energy. Form better run-time operation in the night battery management and protection algorithms are used.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

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6. Power Factor improvement with CSTL ( Capacitive Switching Transient Limiter)

Project Objective and Discussion

Inductive load account for 66.9 % (as of 2019) of electricity consumption, which leads to low power factor and higher losses in electricity distribution.

For efficient use of electricity in the industrial, residential and commercial sector it is essential to control power quality parameters such as voltage level, power factor etc.

The main objective of this electrical engineering project is to implement Static capacitor based power factor improvement to maintain reactive power in the grid. But this method has one limitation while switching, capacitor transient current surge occurs in a system that causes unwanted tripping.

To overcome this problem CSTL is also implemented in this project. This is one of the best power electronics projects for electrical engineers.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

7. Buck Boost converter design using Arduino

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

8. Design of Linear AutoTransformer

Project Objective and Discussion

This is an novel design of 3 phase auto transformer. The design of three phase autotransformer by changing the

With this innovative linear core design, we have some important advantages over conventional design such as we can reduce the material costing, size, and inrush current slighltly efficiency.

Linear Autotransformer As compared to laminated E-I types lamination because of the lack of a residual gap in the magnetic path, toroidal transformers take higher inrush current, Toroidal core transformer needs higher labor cost of winding, costly equipment. In toroidal core, it is necessary to pass the entire length of a coil winding through the core aperture each time a single turn is added to the coil.

In this prototype work by using I lamination we are going to design linear autotransformer to improve the cooling, efficiency, to reduce labor cost and also to reduce inrush current. The design of three phase autotransformer by changing the conventional design we can reduce the costing, size, and inrush current as well as increased in efficiency.

Linear Autotransformer As compared to laminated E-I types lamination because of the lack of a residual gap in the magnetic path, toroidal transformers take higher inrush current, Toroidal core transformer needs higher labor cost of winding, costly equipment. In toroidal core, it is necessary to pass the entire length of a coil winding through the core aperture each time a single turn is added to the coil.

In this prototype work by using I lamination we are going to design linear autotransformer to improve the cooling, efficiency, to reduce labor cost and also to reduce inrush current.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

9. SHEPWM (Selective Harmonic Elimination)

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

10. Pure Sine Wave Inverter using Arduino

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

11. VAR Compensation using Thyristor Switched Capacitor

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

12. Solid-State On Load Tap-Changer

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

13. Harmonic and Neutral to Ground Voltage Reduction Using Isolation Transformer

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

14. Design Real Time Battery Monitoring System

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

15. GPS based high efficient Dual axis solar tracker

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

16. Flux-based inturnturn Fault Protection for Power Transformers

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

17. A smart framework for power distribution and load balancing using Arduino

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

18. Automatic Optimization and Control of Power Factor, Reactive Power and Reduction of THD for Linear and Nonlinear Load

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

19. Arduino-Based Protection System to Overcome Voltage Fluctuations

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation

20. Transmission line Fault Analysis and Classification

Project Objective and Discussion

The main feature of Smart energy meters (SEM) is to send precise reading on a regular interval to utility (Electricity provider). So the bills will be accurate and labor cost is reduced using AMR (automatic meter reading).

If the consumer is unable to pay the electricity bill within billing time, the Electricity provider can remotely disconnect the supply of that consumer and after payment, the service continues to the consumer. In such situation no human intervention needed to cut power supply from the grid and again to reconnect their connection.

We added the smart mechanism to detect tampering attempt. When anyone try to open or temper the meter the a small switch will release and send alert to the utility.

If power quality of supply(such as overvoltage, undervoltage) is not in standard limit, then the customer devices can be protected by disconnecting and reconnecting to the mains power supply.

IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Using Arduino

Abstract | Block Diagram | PPT | Reports | Reference Material | DIY Guide | Arduino Code | Hardware Component

Get Project Documentation