In physical measurement, the strain is the amount of deformation experienced due to an applied force in a particular material. In simple words, the strain is any force or pressure tending to alter the shape and the sensor used to measure this deformation or change in shape is known as Strain Gauge sensor.
When is applied force is sensed in terms of change in resistance, the sensor is known as Resistive strain gauge sensor?
Where to Buy Strain Gauge?
The Strain Gauge sensor can be purchased in 3 ranges: a range of 2000 ppm, 5000 ppm and 10000 ppm. This sensor is available in many Chinese online websites. MH-Z14A price varies, but you can get it for approximately $18 in most Websites.
My personal favrate for this product is Aliexpress Low Price + Wolrdwide Delivery
Where Strain Gauge sensor is used?
The strain gauge has been in use for many industrial applications for for the electrical measurement of physical parameters such as force, pressure, tension and weight. It is a basic universal sensing element for sensors such
Position sensors, etc.
Types of strain Gauge
Bonded Resistance Strain Gauges
Foil resistance Strain gauges
Carbon resistive Strain gauge
Semiconductor Strain Gauges
Strain Gauge Selection
The main considerations in strain gauge selection are :
Nature of the strain to be detected
Apart from this, selection of the right carrier material, adhesive, grid alloy, and protective coating also plays an major role in the success of the application. once you finalise the type you also needs to cross check some prime considerations
Number of Gages in Gauge Pattern
Arrangement of Gages in Gauge Pattern
Strain-Sensitive Alloy Gauge Width
Solder Tab Type
Configuration of Solder Tab
Strain Gauge Accuracy
For practice, to use the strain gauge as a practical sensor, we have restrictions imposed by the elastic limits of the gauge material and the test object, we must measure extremely small resistance changes with high accuracy. For Such high precision, Wheatstone bridge is best suitable option we have. Accuracy class of strain gauge is depending on manufacturers. for example, BF350-3AA resistive strain gauge come with Accuracy class 0.02 means that the measurement has an error rate of 0.02% .
Some most popular Strain Gauge Applications
Precision resistive strain gauge for the pressure sensor, load cell, deformation measurement. BF350-3AA is widely used in product development, student experiments, maintenance, production, etc. the key features of BF350 are high accuracy, good stability, easy to use and suitable for 0.02 level sensor.
Materials used for making BF350 conductive material is Constantan, copper-nickel alloy 55% copper or 45% nickel as it provides constant resistance over temperature. In substrate backing modified phenolic resin foil is used.
How to Use
The sie of BF350-3AA is 7.1mm * 4.5mm which is too small for handling, we always recommend pre solder tab with flexible wire which is easy to install. the Applications surface must be polished, remove any oxides, residues before applying adhesive. We recommend adhesives like epoxy glue hot curing adhesive (H-610 or equivalent) for long term use and for short term Cyanoacrylate glues is best.
How to Use
The size of BF350-3AA is 7.1mm * 4.5mm which is too small for handling, we always recommend pre solder tab with flexible wire which is easy to install. the Applications surface must be polished, remove any oxides, residues before applying adhesive. We recommend adhesives like epoxy glue hot curing adhesive (H-610 or equivalent) for long term use and for short term Cyanoacrylate glues is best.
BF350 sensor should be used in a Wheatstone bridge configuration to get change in resistance accurately. To use it with Arduino we are using our HX711 digital bridge sensor interface module. HX711 is a precision 24-bit analog- to-digital converter (ADC) designed for weigh. Alternatively, if we need only relative measurements that are required then we need a strain gauge amplifier that includes BF350-AAA sensor and can be connected directly to a Arduino microcontroller ADC input.
BF350 Arduino Code
The sample code at the beginning includes setting the pin number and creating variables to store the results.
In the setup subroutine, only the serial line is set to 9600 baud to print the measured data to the computer.
In the infinite loop in the first step, we read the analog value from the set pin into the variable and then recalculate to percent. This conversion is done using the map function, converting the input range 0 to 700 to the range 0 to 100. The value of input 700 corresponds to approximately 3.42 Volts, with a maximum of 1023 corresponding to 5 Volts.
When the conversion is complete, print both data on the serial line and wait for 500 ms before the new program is run.